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## Independent Chip Model/ICM Calculations

I’m not going to cover the theory underlying ICM as this has been covered much more comprehensively elsewhere (Link here), so these posts are intended to be a step-by-step guide to the following situations that cannot be calculated using SNGPT (note that SNG Wiz...

## Top Poker Tell Tips From 5 Pros

Poker tell: “A tell in poker is a subtle but detectable change in a player’s behavior or demeanor that gives clues to that player’s assessment of his hand. A player gains an advantage if he observes and understands the meaning of another player’s...

## Blind Stealing 101

A few people have been posting stats threads lately and I’ve seen a trend that really needs to be addressed. Most of the people I’ve seen stats on are not stealing blinds nearly enough, and aren’t defending their blinds nearly enough. I’ve...

## Going After Multi Tablers

I wrote an article on FlopTurnRiver a couple of weeks ago about the merits of multi-tabling. I feel that there are deeper strategic consequences behind what was in that article. With poker there is an almost pendulum like motion with regards to what tactics and...

## The Power of Position in Poker (\$200nl 6-Max by JGB)

The Power of Position in Poker (\$200nl 6-Max by JGB) by carlcarlsoniv | Mar 20, 2021 | Poker Videos This was JGB’s first video. In it, he describes a solid, tight aggressive approach to the game. Heavy focus is placed on positional play. He planned a 2-part...

## Adjusting to Fish in Low-Stakes 6-Max Limit Hold’em

Strange as it may seem, many players who go looking for weak players in poker games end up not knowing what to do once they find them. Quite often they make the wrong adjustments and end up either recycling money or becoming frustrated and thus leaving what are...

## FTR SNG Strategy: Navigating the bubble Part 3

Playing the bubble requires understanding of who to exploit and when as well as knowing how to not get exploited. In this series you will see a review of hands played on the bubble of 18 and 27 man Sit & Go’s with the thinking behind standard and tough...

## EV Calculations Tutorial 3: More Complicated Scenarios

If you haven’t read part 1 and part 2, then you’ll need to go ahead and do that before you jump into this week’s article because I’m going to assume that you know and completely understand the contents of those two parts. This week, we’re...

## Building Your Bankroll & Moving Up

So you don’t have \$150 to start playing. You’ve already lost money and if you deposit any more money in your poker account your Wife/Girlfriend/Mother is going to kill you. Don’t worry! You can still play for real money. Some sites offer a promotion...

## vqc’s Sit-n-Go Poker Moves & Plays

*These are not moves that I made up. I do not claim to be the creator of these moves. These plays are ones that I have collected, saved, and typed up from multiple sources. *if anyone who DID create these moves objects to me posting the move here, please tell me * I...

## Analyzing some WSOP Main Event Hands

I don’t know about you, but I am a poker junkie.  I religiously watch (even DVR) the WSOP coverage every year on ESPN and had a mini-orgasm this year when ESPN televised much of the Main Event live.  People like my wife hate the live coverage because each hand...

A lot of time is spent discussing proper bankroll management. While this is an important fundamental everyone must conquer, players must also learn how to build their roll to move up in stakes. Between good play, cashing in on bonuses, promotions, and/or rakeback, and...

## The Reality of Online Poker

Having spent around twenty years in the gambling industry in one capacity or another and numerous years in online poker, you cannot help but become aware of the seedier side of the industry. But this applies to all fields, it doesn’t matter what it is or how high...

## Poker Notes Live Premium Review

FTR recently gave the app Poker Notes Live a closer look to see if it would be worth recommending for live poker players. To sum it up in one short sentence, yes we do recommend the app and find it to be useful for live grinders. For the longer version, read our...

## How to Decide Which Hands to 3-Bet for Value Pre-Flop

In last week’s edition, we looked at some very simple basics for 3-bet bluffing before the flop. We focused primarily on how new players could start to open up their 3-betting without feeling like they were getting in over their heads. We’re going to...

## Mindset, Technique and Money Management

I am going to reveal something that I think is of immense use to any poker player. While it is critical to know how to play the game well, this is only a tiny part of being a successful poker player. Playing poker has so many similarities to financial trading that it...

## Win MTT Poker 16 – Building Your Stack

Point 48 (of a planned 30): Middle Tourney Play: How to Build a Stack One of the most frustrating things in tournament poker is playing your way to mid way with the blinds ascending and you simply have no cards to play. The frustration builds as the blinds go up and...

## The Importance of Bonuses and Rakeback

This month at 100nl on PokerStars I’ve paid \$0.056/hand in rake after a sample of ~50k hands. Since I get about 750 hands/hour, this amounts to about \$42/hour. This is also 2.8 ptbb/100. To make sure the peoples of the Beginner’s Circle understand this...

## Exploitation and the FTC Theorem

Progression through the micros naturally trends us toward unbalanced lines. We start playing basic TAGG, then learn to steal blinds more, to cbet more. Hey, it works. When we face better competition at 100nl or higher, the lack of balance is very exploitable. Trust me...

## Just Where Will Online Poker End Up?

As a follow on to the article that I wrote a few weeks ago regarding the likelihood of cheating in online poker increasing through necessity, here I want to talk about the effects of coaching sites, training tools and other types of software that all enable people to...

## CrunchyNut’s Independent Chip Model

By request, I’ma try to lay down a more in depth explanation of ICM and what it could mean for your poker play. As a disclaimer, I’ve never used ICM to analyze my game, I’m not really working on the math of my game at this point – I don’t...

## TLR’s Pocket Pairs in SnG’s/Sit n Go’s

Pocket Pairs 101 Pocket pairs are considered one of the easiest types of hands to play, but as with usual with poker, nothing is really easy and straight forward. In this guide I will try to cover basic playing strategy with pocket pair, with some emphasis on specific...

## Reversing the Initiative in a Hand

Reversing the initiative in a hand (when is this appropriate and why is it valuable) First I think it’s important to define what initiative is, and how it varies. Player A open raises preflop, and Player B calls in position. Player A has the initiative. In order...

## The Newbie Circle of Death

I just went through a maddening circle that wasted 3 weeks of my hard work, and nearly washed my entire bankroll down the drain… Hopefully I can give a little insight to prevent someone from going through the same thing… Just a side note, I play the 6 max...

## Bluffing Poker Tells

Players will give off certain and more precise tells when they are bluffing. Although it may matter on the player themselves, there are some general tells that Caro talks about that apply at the poker table. Smoking Even though smoking is banned in almost every poker...

## No-Limit 2-7 Single Draw Strategy (Part 2): Pat Hand Combinations

One of the most basic things you need to know about no-limit 2-7 single draw is how the probabilities work for different types of starting hands. We’re going to start off with a look at pat hands in this game and how the range distributions work out. In...

## Pot Odds and Outs Chart

Below you will see our pot odds and outs chart, which shows the percentage of winning a hand by the turn/river or river only, depending on how many outs you have. You can right click and save the chart to your computer. If you don’t like memorizing charts then...

## Poker Tournament Skills

We can all agree that there are many skills you need to win consistently at MTTs. Many of us have enough experience to form an opinion on which skill is the most valuable and important. Here are a few skills that I think are extremely important in becoming a top MTT...

## Back to Basics (Part 4): Continuation Betting

In the Back to Basics series, we’re taking concepts that you probably learned early in your poker career and looking at them from a more detailed standpoint than you likely did when you first learned about them. This week, we’re going to look at...

## Do You Need Poker Tracking Software to Make Money?

I often get asked this question by players who hate the thought of getting too technical with their poker playing. Many players want to play poker, but they don’t want to be at a great disadvantage to the “Borg” out there. They are the multi-tabling...

## FTR SNG Strategy: Maximizing value in HU situations Part 2

Grinding sit & go’s, most of the profit comes from heads-up situations. In part 2 you will see a review of 3 more hands played heads-up and the thinking behind maximizing your profits on each street. Discuss this in our forum:...

## Higher Stakes MTT Strategy

So I have been very successful in lower stakes MTTs and I’m bankrolled substantially enough to start venturing into higher stakes. Thus far I’ve tried five higher stakes tourneys, a few 20s, a fifty and a 100 (Though not bankrolled for it, I had to...

## Making Game Theory Easy With Simple Shortcuts

Over the past few weeks, we’ve been looking at an introduction to game theory in poker with a special emphasis on avoiding math. We have been looking extensively at a very specific type of situation over the past couple of weeks where a player bets all-in on the...

## [FTR Quick Tip 009] Isolating Limpers

FTR Quick Tip: Helping you plug leaks in 5 minutes or less. Use selective aggression and position to punish players who limp at the poker table. By observing your opponents’ tendencies, you will be able to formulate a strategy to exploit their errors. Raising...

## Pre-flop Strategy – Starting Hand Rankings: Groups 0 to 2

One of the most difficult and yet crucial decisions you will make when playing no limit Texas holdem will be whether to even play your hand. This decision should not be made haphazardly. Hitting your card on the flop only to end up with the second best hand can be...

## The Greatest Obstacle in Poker

I really do not think that reading poker books or watching coaching videos can prepare you one hundred percent for the mental trauma that professional gambling can throw at you. There are many similarities with regards to poker with many other fields and one such...

## Be Vito, not Cyclone Hart

I’ve been reading about the psychology of winning lately, and I came across this interesting anecdote from a New York Times article: — Cyclone Hart was a powerful puncher who fought as a middleweight out of Philadelphia about 25 years ago. He was as...

## Evaluating NLHE MTT Structure

The structure of no-limit hold’em (NLHE) multi-table tournaments (MTTs) is an often overlooked factor that should affect the way you play at all stages of a tournament. There are many forms of tournaments, ranging from “ultra-turbo” pushfest satellites that...

## ISF – There’s No Such Thing As a Made Hand: Part 2

In an article from a few months ago, I explained the real differences between draws and made hands. In summary, draws and made hands weren’t simply names for hands, but actually each of them have certain equity qualities versus different ranges. Made hands were then...

## Making Our Strategies More Robust and Avoiding Auto-Pilot

In any poker game, we have a strategy, and our opponents have their own strategies. How these strategies match up determines who makes money and how much money is made. So far, this series has been looking at concepts and ideas that have the point of developing one...

There are many things that are important in Poker; your position during a hand, your starting hand (cards), your opponent tendencies, the odds for a certain draw to hit, how that draw fares versus your holding, bluffing opportunities, recognition and exploitation of...

## ISF – Revision Of ISF Theorem

For the original ISF theorem post go here: ISF Theorem When I wrote ISF Theorem a half year ago, I was at a very frustrating point in my game. I was a very marginal winner at 200nl and was going on two straight losing months, which was absolutely devastating to my...

## Exploring Open-Limping Pre-flop

Introduction Open limping before the flop in no-limit hold’em cash games is almost always the sign of a loose/passive, weak player. However, this doesn’t have to be the case, and you can definitely add open limping to your game in the right circumstances...

## Being Three Bet by Aggressive Players

Let’s face it, we all know how important aggression is in poker. But years ago I used to remark how easy it was to be aggressive and that anyone could do it. If I told a novice player to empty the clip every time he entered a pot then his violent aggression...

## Transitioning from Online to Live Play

For many U.S. players, Black Friday has meant the end of playing poker online.  For those players, the only way to currently play poker without the worry of legality or cashouts is to go to a brick and mortar cardroom and play honest to god live poker.  I happen to be...

## Win MTT Poker 08 – Bankroll Management

Point 24: Celebrate Your Bad Beats I realize the title of this point sounds moronic, but let me expand. When you take a bad beat, someone had to draw uphill on you. They committed their chips in a situation where they had negative expectation. This my friends is the...

Introduction If you look over the past few weeks of my strategy column, you’ll see how this week’s topic came together. I had a set of Mental Tricks for Preperation in NLHE which was related to the Basics of Thinking Ahead in Poker. I also covered Double...

## 9 Hands From an Aggressive PLO Session

Here’s some hands from a session of 400PLO I had tonight. With the exeption of Hand 0 which precedes all the other hands, I’ve mixed up the hands so as to not give away the results by the fluctuations of my stack. I won’t give reads, but this was the...

## chardrian’s True Value of AK

This post is dedicated to Zidane and others who believe AK is basically unfoldable (especially early in an MTT). I truly hope he realizes that my criticism directed at him is not personal. There is a lot of talk about using position, the ability to win pots with any...

## aokrongly’s Patience & Pacing in a Multi-Table Tournament

Patience is a very important factor when playing larger field MTT’s. Maintaining concentration, proper pace, and patience is key to making it deep in a tournament. aokrongly discusses his thoughts on maintaining patience and pacing in the essay below. aokrongly...

## Bankroll Management: A Basic Concept Revisited

As you can see from my blog roll, not all of my titles are original or catchy, but I do strive for them to be accurate, and this one is most certainly accurate.  We all know about this term “bankroll management”, and if you don’t, allow me to give you a brief idea of...

## General Advice for Handling No-Limit Hold’em Ranges

Introduction Learning to deal with ranges is hard enough as it is, but there are a number of ideas about handling no-limit hold’em ranges that are a bit mislead. In this forum thread, I asked about the questions that people had about learning to work with...

## Using the [0, 1] Model to Look at Polarized Ranges

Last week, we took an initial look at the [0, 1] model for ranges and looked at a couple of examples of how it can be put to work for us. We tied this into our previous discussion of how to calculate the EV of different types of situations, and we looked at how to use...

## Hand of the Week 5A (TT UTG w/ 25 BBs in MTT)

Hand of the Week 5A (TT UTG w/ 25 BBs in MTT) by carlcarlsoniv | Mar 15, 2021 | Poker Videos In this missing edition of hand of the week, donkbee looks at an interesting hand where Hero had pocket tens UTG with around 25 BBs. Part 1 | Part 2 >> Discuss this...

## In the Trenches: Winning at Low-Limit Poker

I’ve often said it myself – When given the choice, I’d rather play at the tables with seasoned veterans, or at least with players who have a good grasp of the basic game. Low-limit, people say, is too difficult, because novice players will move all-in at...

## Applications and Limitations of the Alpha Value

The alpha value is one of the most important numbers in a discussion of poker because it gives you a lot of information with a simple calculation. However, it’s often applied incorrectly because of a lack of understanding of what it can and should be used for....

## Low Buy-in SNG Do’s & Dont’s

OK, here’s v1.0. Most comments have been incorporated below. Further comments most welcome. There are countless other strategy guides out there; however I thought that since FTR seems to attract a high proportion of beginner/low buy-in SNG players I would...

## Developing a Feel for Equities in No-Limit Hold’em Part 3: Hitting the Flop

In last week’s article, we looked at some of the reasons why equity isn’t the end-all, be-all of evaluating how two ranges will perform against each other. With that out of the way, we’re going to be able to get into the nitty gritty aspects of the...

## Daniel Negreanu Interview at EPT 9 London 2013

Daniel Negreanu Interview at EPT 9 London 2013 by carlcarlsoniv | Feb 15, 2021 | FTR Interviews, Poker Videos Daniel Negreanu talks about his history as an outspoken commentator on the poker world, his thoughts about US regulation of online gaming, and the Full Tilt...

## Brodie’s Brick and Mortar Guide for Online Players

Brodie discusses games, seats and opposition in the brick and mortar poker setting. DaNutsInYoEye suggested that someone write up a brief guide to playing poker in B&M venues. I do a fair amount of B&M playing, so I thought I’d start it out as sort of a...

## Using Pot Control or Not

If your head starts to swim at the thought of hand ranges and default ranges and all the rest of the technical poker jargon, then don’t worry. If you are an experienced player then you will already be used to subconsciously placing your opponents on possible...

## Chardrian’s Guide to Live Small Stakes Limit Poker (Part 3)

COMMON CHARACTERISTICS OF A SMALL STAKES GAME The most common characteristics of a small stakes game are that the players will be loose and passive. Most of the players will believe that luck is a more important factor in the game then skill; and most of the players...

## Sit-n-Go Strategy Guide Part 2

This is a continuation of DavSimon’s Single Table Tournament (SnG) strategies. Click here to read DavSimon’s Sit-n-Go/Turbo Strategy Guide Part 1. SnG Strategy Guide – Section 4 Alright, now we know what stakes we should be playing at, we now have to...

Playing your table A lot of poker players will tell you their most feared opponent is the loose aggressive guy who you can never really tell what he is raising with, and if you want to play with him, you are essentially gambling. Maybe this time he is bluffing with 10...

## The PokerJanitor’s Philosophy

I’ve received an offer I cannot refuse – the nice young woman I’ve been seeing has offered to teach me how to bake her delicious homemade bread. And what does she ask in return? “Well,” she said, “I’ve always wanted to get good at poker. Could you...

## Chardrian’s Guide to Live Small Stakes Limit Poker (Part 6)

4) The Small Broadways (KT; QJ-QT; JT) The first thing to note with all of these hands is that suitedness really increases their playability.  All of these hands are good hands to play in multi-way pots because they can win occasionally just by hitting top pair; they...

## Limit vs No Limit Texas Holdem Poker

Limit Texas Holdem vs. No Limit Texas Holdem – the debate goes on. Which game should you master? Well, everyone here at FTR has their own opinion. We have very skilled and profitable players profiting from both forms of the game. I have my opinion too, and No Limit...

## Tactics vs. Strategy (Part 1): The Study of Tactics in Poker

The Fundamental Problem If you’re looking to win in poker in today’s games with the state of the industry being what it is, then you’re going to have to be on another level when compared to the competition. The only way to do this is to seek out as...

## Back to Basics (Part 2): Reverse Implied Odds

Last week, we started a series called Back to Basics which is going to look at “basic” concepts in more depth than players have probably used before. Our first part of this series was on Implied Odds, and we’re going to continue with this theme in Part 2 this...

## PokerStars Sit And Gos – Single Table Turbo

Click here to read our PokerStars Review. Sit & Go Tournaments are a very popular option for players looking to get a tournament environment without the time commitment of a regularly scheduled Multi-Table Tournament. Since Sit&Go’s (SnGs) start whenever...

## Applications of EV Calculations (Part 3): River Checking vs. Bluffing

Introduction A lot of the time in poker, we get caught up on the idea of wanting to know if something is profitable or not. We often make mistakes in our game because we’re taking an aggressive action that we have deemed to be profitable since we have made a...

## Texas Holdem Expected Value Hand Charts – 4 Players

Below is a table of Texas Holdem starting hands, ordered by their Expected Value (EV) in a 4 player holdem game. These statistics were produced by using millions of hand histories to compute the following results....

## Tactical Thinking – Is It Enough?

Wherever you go these days, be it on poker forums, poker websites or poker magazines, you will be confronted by a myriad of information concerning how to play certain hands in certain situations. Now before I go any further, there is absolutely nothing wrong with...

## Dumpster Diving: A Guide to Playing Trash Hands

We’ve all run across players who refuse to put their money in the pot without the benefit of premium cards. Indeed, players who wait on suited connectors, pocket pairs, or high face cards are practicing sound poker strategy, and will almost always make deep runs...

## Pot-Limit Omaha Fundamentals

Pot-Limit Omaha is one of the most popular poker games being played today. From micro-stakes online, to some of the biggest stakes in the world live, PLO is a game that anyone and everyone can play. Pot-Limit Omaha tends to be an action game which draws a lot of...

## [FTR Quick TIP 016] Identifying Fish

FTR Quick Tip: Helping you plug leaks in 5 minutes or less. Identifying weaker players is a critical skill for any poker player. While there is some money to be made from strong players, the lion’s share of the profits will go to those who win chips from the...

## NLHE Foundations #01: Introduction to Hold’em Ranges

NLHE Foundations Course This is the first lesson in the free No-Limit Hold’em Foundations course that I’m running here on FlopTurnRiver. There’s a lot more to these lessons than what you see here. If you would like to take part in this, all you have...

## ISF – Pocket Pairs

From now on every Friday I will be taking some of the strategy discussion from the forums, sum up some of the cool content in case you missed it, and make my own comments on the issues discussed. In the high stakes forum this week, there was a hand posted by...

## Preparation in Poker

In the context of poker, preparation could mean a number of different things, but we’re going to focus specifically on a few instances here. First, we’re going to look at how to and the advantages of preparing when you make a bet or raise. Second,...